Kant's Critique of Pure Reason
I. TRANSCENDENTAL DOCTRINE OF THE ELEMENTS
FIRST PART: TRANSCENDENTAL AESTHETIC
a means through which knowledge is in immediate relation to objects and through which all thought as a means is directed.
the capacity (receptivity) for receiving representations through the mode in which we are affected by objects.
Section 1: SPACE
Space is not empirical, must be presupposed.
Space is a necessary
representation which underlies all outer
(not a concept).
Space is not a general concept of things in general, but a pure
Space is represented as an infinite given magnitude.
Space does not represent any property of things in themselves or in their relation to one another.
Space is nothing but the form of all appearances of outer sense.
Section 2: TIME
Time is not empirical.
Time is a necessary representation that underlies all
and therefore is
Time has only one dimension, different times cannot be simultaneous.
Time is not a general concept but a pure form of sensible
Infinitude of time rests on immediate
because each magnitude of time is possible only through limitation and therefore the whole representation cannot be given through concepts.
Concept of motion is possible only through and in the representation of time.
Time is not something which exist of itself. It is the subjective condition under which alone
can take place in us.
Time is the form of inner sense, that is, of the
of ourselves and our inner state.
Time is the formal
condition of all appearances.
It has objective validity only in respect to appearances, not for things abstracted or taken in general.
The empirical reality of time is not absolute reality.
taken together, are the pure forms of all sensible
, and so are what make
synthetic propositions possible.
Aesthetic cannot contain more that these two elements.
General Observations on the Transcendental Aesthetic
is nothing but the representation of appearances.
We cannot know the object itself.
As appearances they cannot exist in themselves, but only in us.
It is important that our
Aesthetic be certain, not just plausible.
contains nothing but relations and since a thing in itself cannot be known through relations, we cannot know the inner properties of an object.
This also holds true of inner sense.
This is not to say that these objects are mere illusion.
and time constitute one of the factors required for solution of the general problem of
Aesthetic: 'How are synthetic
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Transcendental Doctrine Of The Elements: TRANSCENDENTAL LOGIC
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