Kant's Critique of Pure Reason
TRANSCENDENTAL LOGIC, FIRST DIVISION:
BOOK I: ANALYTIC OF CONCEPTS
Chapter 2: THE DEDUCTION OF THE PURE CONCEPTS OF THE UNDERSTANDING.
Section 1: THE PRINCIPLES OF ANY TRANSCENDENTAL DEDUCTION. (p. 120)
- Transcendental Deduction: the explanation of the manner in which concepts can relate a priori to objects.
- The deduction of pure concepts of the understanding is absolutely necessary:
- Because they speak of objects through predicates of pure a priori thought, not of intuition.
- Because they relate to objects universally.
- Not being ground in experience, they cannot exhibit any object that might serve as ground for their synthesis.
- We need to prove how subjective conditions of thought can have objective validity (in reference to the Table of Categories).
- Uses example of cause and effect (p. 124): we need to prove it a priori.
Transition to the Transcendental Deduction of the Concepts (p. 125)
Back to Transcendental Analytic: Book I: ANALYTIC OF CONCEPTS
- Only two ways synthetic representations and their objects can establish connection:
- The object must make the representation possible as is the case with empirical.
- The representation makes the object possible.
- Two conditions under which knowledge of an object is possible:
- Intuition: it is given through appearance.
- This condition lies a priori in the mind as the formal ground of objects.
- Concept: through which an object is thought corresponding to this intuition.
- Concepts of objects in general underlie all empirical knowledge as its a priori condition.
- Therefore, the objective validity of the categories as a priori concepts rests on the fact that so far as the form of thought is concerned, through them alone does experience become possible.
Forward to Section 2 (Version A) The A Priori Grounds Of The Possibility Of Experience
Forward to Section 2 (Version B): The A Priori Grounds Of The Possibility Of Experience
Table of Contents